Dr Austin Tay

MUSING OF AN ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST


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Some of the research mentioned in this podcast are as follow:

1) Kets de Vries, M.F. (1998). Leadership in Organizations. INSEAD, Fontainebleau, France.  https://flora.insead.edu/fichiersti_wp/inseadwp1998/98-89.pdf

2) Zenger, J., & Folkman, J. (2020).  Research: Women are better leaders during a crisis. https://hbr.org/2020/12/research-women-are-better-leaders-during-a-crisis

3) Costa, P.T., Terracciano, A., & McCrae, R. R. (2001). Gender differences in personality traits across cultures: robust and surprising findings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(2) 322-331. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.81.2.322. PMID: 11519935. 4) Vianello, M., Schnabel, K., Sriram, N., & Nosek, B. (2013). Gender differences in implicit and explicit personality traits. Personality and Individual Differences 55, (994-999).
5) Del Giudice, M., Booth, T., & Irwing, P. (2012). The Distance Between Mars and Venus: Measuring Global Sex Differences in Personality. PLoS ONE, 7(1), e29265.


If you have enjoyed listening to this episode, please share this with your friends and colleagues. You can also put your reviews at Podchaser.

For any comments and suggestions, please send them via email to psychchat@omnipsi.com or tweet to psych_chat. Remember to subscribe to PsychChat in all good podcast platform. You can now find us on Vurbl.

Some of the research discussed in this podcast as follows

Duckworth, A. L.,  Peterson, C.,  Matthews, M. D.,  & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and Passion for Long Term Goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 92, No 6, 1087-1101.

Eskries-Winkler, L., Duckwork, A. L., Shulman, E. P., & Beal, S. (2014). The grit effect: Predicting retention in the military, the workplace, school and marriage. Frontiers in Psychology, 1-30.

Von Culin, K. R., Tsukayma, E., & Duckworth, A. L. (2014). Unpacking grit: Motivational correlates of perseverance and passion for long term goals. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9:4, 306-312.

Zissman, C., & Ganzach, Y. (2020). In a representative sample grit has a negligible effect on educational and economic success compared to intelligence. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1-8.

Credé, M., Tynan, M. C., & Harms, P. D. (2017). Much ado about grit: A meta-analytic synthesis of the grit literature. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 113(3), 492–511.

https://angeladuckworth.com/qa/#faq-152

What can I use the Grit Scale for?

I created the Grit Scale so that I could study grit as a scientist.  Why? Because you cannot study what you cannot measure.I also think this questionnaire is useful as a prompt for self-reflection. For example, some of the most effective coaches and teachers I know give this questionnaire to their players and students in order to prompt a conversation about their evolving passion and perseverance.

However, I hasten to point out that all psychological measures, including the Grit Scale, have limitations. You can fake a higher grit score without much effort, for example. Another very serious but not-so-obvious limitation of questionnaires is called “reference bias.” This distortion of scores comes from people holding different standards by which they judge behavior. So, your score not only reflects how gritty you are but also the standards to which you hold yourself. I talk about this limitation, among others, in this article on measurement which I co-authored with my friend and colleague David Yeager.

In sum, I think the Grit Scale can be used for research and for self-reflection, but its limitations make it inappropriate for many other uses, including selecting employees, admitting students to college, gauging the performance of teachers, or comparing schools or countries to each other.


I had the pleasure of recording this session with Dr Richard Mackinnon, Chartered Psychologist & Coach and  Managing Director at WorkLifePsych. He shared his insights and tips on wellbeing.

He can be contacted via 
https://www.linkedin.com/in/richardmackinnon/

If you have enjoyed listening to this episode, please share this with your friends and colleagues. For any comments and suggestions, please send them via email to psychchat@omnipsi.com or tweet to psych_chat.


Some of the references in this episode include:

1) Sheep, M. L. (2006). Nurturing the Whole Person: The Ethics of Workplace Spirituality in a Society of Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics, 66(4), 357–375.

2) “a psychological contract is a belief that an exchange partner is obligated to provide inducements, such as fair compensation, in exchange for one’s own contributions, such as loyalty or high quality work”. (Lee, Liu, Rousseau, Hui, & Chen, 2011; Rousseau & McLean Parks, 1993)

3) Henry Ford asked, ‘‘Why is it that I always get the whole person when all I really want is a pair of hands?’’ (Pollard, 1996, p. 25).



“There are three things extremely hard: steel, a diamond, and to know one’s self.” – Benjamin Franklin, Poor Richard’s Almanac, 1750.

Some to the references we mentioned in this episode include

Brewer, M. B., & Hewstone, M. (Eds.). (2004). Perspectives on social psychology.Self and social identity. Blackwell Publishing.

Mead, G.H. (1934). Mind, Self, and Society from the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist. University of Chicago Press: Chicago.

Erikson, E.H. (1968). Identity: youth and crisis. Norton & Co.

McAdams, D. P. (1995). What do we know when we know a person? Journal of Personality, 63(3), 365–396.

If you have enjoyed listening to this episode, please share this with your friends and colleagues. For any comments and suggestions, please send them via email to psychchat@omnipsi.com or tweet to psych_chat.


We spoke a bit about Self Determining Theory. Below are some articles that you might find helpful to understand a bit more about the theory.

Ryan, R. M.; Deci, E. L. (2000). “Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being”. American Psychologist. 55(1): 68–78.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2012). Motivation, personality, and development within embedded social contexts: An overview of self-determination theory. In R. M. Ryan (Ed.), Oxford handbook of human motivation (pp. 85-107). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Ryan, R. M. & Deci, E. L. (2017). Self-determination theory: Basic psychological needs in motivation, development, and wellness. New York: Guilford Publishing.

If you have enjoyed listening to this episode, please share this with your friends and colleagues. For any comments and suggestions, please send them via email to psychchat@omnipsi.com or tweet to psych_chat.


If you have enjoyed listening to this episode, please share this with your friends and colleagues. For any comments and suggestions, please send them via email to psychchat@omnipsi.com or tweet to psych_chat.

Some of the research mentioned in this podcast are as follow:

Self Indulgent Construal

Sirois, F. M., & Pychyl, T. (2013). Procrastination and the priority of short-term mood regulation: consequences for future self. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 115-127.
Tice, D.M., & Bratslavsky, E. (2000). Giving in to feel good: the place of emotion regulation in the context of general self-control. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 149-159.

Self Protective Strategy

Copes, H., Vieraitis, L., & Jochum, J.M. (2007). Bridging the gap between research and practice: how neutralization theory can inform reid interrogations of identity thieves. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 18(3), 444-459.

Maruna, S., & Copes, H. (2015). Procrastination and dissonance- reduction strategies. Poster presented at the ninth biennial procrastination research conference. Bielefeld, Germany.
Sykes, G.M., & Matza, D. (1957). Techniques of neutralization: a theory of delinquency. American Sociological Review, 22, 664-670.
Self-Licencing

Blanken, I., van de Ven, N., & Zeelenberg, M. (2015). A meta-analytic review of moral licensing. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41(4), 540-558.
De Witt Huberts, J. C., Evers, C., & De Ridder, D.T.D. (2011). Licence to sin: self-licensing as a mechanism underlying hedonic consumption. European Journal of Social Psychology, 42(4), 490-496.
Procrastination-Health Model

Sirois, F.M., Melia-Gordon, M.L., & Pychyl, T.A. (2003). “I’ll look after my health, later”: an investigation of procrastination and health. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(5), 1167-1184.

Research on Procrastination-Health Model

A cross-sectional study of students

Sirois, F.M., Melia-Gordon, M.L., & Pychyl, T.A. (2003). “I’ll look after my health, later”: an investigation of procrastination and health. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(5), 1167-1184.

Research on adults sample in the community

Sirois, F.M. (2007). “I’ll look after my health, later”: a replication and extension of the procrastination-health model with community-dwelling adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 15-26.

Bedtime Procrastination

Kroese, F.M., Evers, C., Adriaanse, M.A., & de Ridder, D.T. (2014b). Bedtime procrastination: a self-regulation perspective on sleep insufficiency in the general population. Journal of Health Psychology. Doi:10.1177/1359105314540014.

Article – Now is not the Time for Precrastination

https://www.psychologicalscience.org/observer/now-is-not-the-time-for-precrastination


If you have enjoyed listening to this episode, please share this with your friends and colleagues. For any comments and suggestions, please send them via email to psychchat@omnipsi.com or tweet to psych_chat.

Some of the research mentioned in this podcast are as follow:

Spector, P. E., & Fox, S. (2005). A stressor-emotion model of counterproductive work behavior. In S. Fox & P. E. Spector (Eds.), Counterproductive work behavior: Investigations of actors and targets (pp. 151–176). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Jex, S. M., & Beehr, T. A. (1991). Emerging theoretical and methodological issues in the study of work-related stress. Research in Personnel and Human Resource Management, 9, 311–365.

Spector, P. E. (1998). A control theory of the job stress process. In C. L. Cooper (Ed.), Theories of Organizational Stress (pp. 153–169). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Sackett, P. R. (2002). The structure of counterproductive work behaviors: Dimensionality and relationships with facets of job performance. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 10, 5–11. doi:10.1111/1468-2389.00189

Edmondson, A. (1999). Psychological Safety and Learning Behavior in Work Teams, Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 350-383.

Dollard, M.F., Bakker, A.B., 2010. Psychosocial safety climate as a precursor to conducive work environments, psychological health problems, and employee engagement. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 83, 579–599.

Dollard, M.F., 2011. Psychosocial safety climate: a lead indicator of work conditions, workplace psychological health and engagement and precursor to intervention success. In: Biron, C., Karanika-Murray, M., Cooper, C.L. (Eds.), Managing Psychosocial Risks in the Workplace: The Role of Process Issues. Routledge/ Psychology Press..

Dollard, M.F., Bakker, A.B., 2010. Psychosocial safety climate as a precursor to conducive work environments, psychological health problems, and employee engagement. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 83, 579–599.

James, L.R., Choi, C.C., Ko, C.E., McNeil, P.K., Minton, M.K., Wright, M.A., Kim, K., 2008. Organisational and psychological climate: a review of theory and research. European Journal of Work and Organisational Psychology 17, 5–32.